For example, for researchers looking at infant nutrition, it would not be acceptable to ask one group of mothers to abstain from breastfeeding their babies as a control group for another group of mothers who were asked to breastfeed. However, these 33 trials were subsequently brought together and reviewed systematically. This has the advantage that journals which Seen in isolation, this report sparked alarm in both media and medical circles alike. There is increasing recognition that randomised controlled trials cannot provide evidence regarding all aspects of health and social care.
Those undertaking a literature review are advised to define clearly the terms they are using in their review and to articulate clear inclusion and exclusion criteria for literature to be incorporated in the review. A flow diagram of the process of conducting a RCT is presented in Figure 2. The nature of the questions asked can provide descriptive data, for example: Refer to recent relevant government or policy publications. Ann Bradshaw provides a good illustration in her historical account of the influences of modern day nursing of how secondary sources have been used to inform influential government reports and how this has led to misleading conclusions. These questions could be redefined so that they become manageable to the literature reviewer:
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Doing a literature review in health and social care : a practical guide
Alternately, if you were exploring motivation for smoking cessation, you might refer to the stages of change theory Prochaska et al. This is an additional statistical process that assists in ensuring that the groups are equal in respect of certain predefined criteria that are relevant for the research.
Wakefield stated that there were possible environmental triggers to the development of autism in these children, but without controls this was very uncertain. For example, quantitative experimental methods have been used to explore whether a lumpectomy is better than a mastectomy in the treatment of breast cancer.
Individual research papers that are relevant to the review question may be identified but because the search is not systematic, other similar papers may not be identified. For example, an adult nursing student might be interested to explore the physiological processes involved in heart disease.
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Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care – PDF Free Download
Data are analysed using statistical tests. For example, one week working mothers are told that preschool care benefits their child and the next they are told that it is better for the child to stay at home.
Clearly for those undertaking smaller scale projects, the question development will be a less protracted process; however, the point to be made is that There are specific components of grounded theory that must be incorporated into a study.
This book will equip you with the knowledge and skills to do this successfully.
You are concerned about whether they are getting as equal access to treatment as other patients and decide to explore this in a literature review. Preview this item Preview this item. The aim of this is to search for unaddressed questions, identify unexplored adn, identify apparent contradictions, find perspectives that have not been considered before or an area in which you have some new ideas. The E-mail message field is required.
Remember me on this computer. As a general rule, when you set out to review the literature, you should aim to undertake a systematic approach as outlined in this chapter, irrespective of whether it is feasible to achieve the detail in the review as required by the Cochrane Collaboration, for example.
Neither of these restrictions is ideal and, under optimum conditions, you would obtain all available literature that is related to your topic. Once each treatment group in the trial has been randomly allocated, the groups are considered to be equal, and the intervention treatment is given to group one. Indeed, some experts Doing a literature review in health and social care: Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private.
However, not all reviews are conducted to this level. There’s a problem loading this menu right now.
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Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care
This is why literature reviews are so important in health and social care because they enable the reader to view one piece of research within the context of others.
Students who are undertaking primary data collection for example, interviews or questionnaires have to submit a research proposal to their local research ethics committee for approval before they can collect their data.
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The physiotherapist then broadened the research question to explore whether there is evidence for promoting the concept of literrature journal club rather than exploring their impact. One of the attributes of qualitative research is that when researchers analyse the data they do not impose their own preconceived ideas onto the data set.
The following question is more manageable: Each of these questions might be addressed by a researcher undertaking primary data collection.