BETTY FRIEDAN THE FEMININE MYSTIQUE THESIS

NOW demanded the removal of all barriers to “equal and economic advance”. Daniel Horowitz, a Professor of American Studies at Smith College points out that although Friedan presented herself as a typical suburban housewife, she was involved with radical politics and labor journalism in her youth, and during the time she wrote The Feminine Mystique she worked as a freelance journalist for women’s magazines and as a community organizer. Sin, Science and Psychoanalysis. The Feminine Mystique begins with an introduction describing what Friedan called “the problem that has no name”—the widespread unhappiness of women in the s and early s. Social Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other than voting.

Timeline First-wave Second-wave timeline Third-wave Fourth-wave. In the commission appointed to review the status of women recommended an end to inequities. In fact an employee under the alias “L M” wrote in a two-page memo that [35] Friedan’s theoretical views were “too obvious and feminine”, as well as critiquing her approach by suggesting it to be unscientific. She discusses the conflicts that some women may face in this journey to self-actualization, including their own fears and resistance from others. In the Betty Friedan Hometown Tribute committee won the Superior Achievement award in the special projects category for its 50th anniversary celebration of the publication of The Feminine Mystique. In , Friedan was asked to conduct a survey of her former Smith College classmates for their 15th anniversary reunion; the results, in which she found that many of them were unhappy with their lives as housewives, prompted her to begin research for The Feminine Mystique , conducting interviews with other suburban housewives, as well as researching psychology, media, and advertising. For each conflict, Friedan offers examples of women who have overcome it.

betty friedan the feminine mystique thesis

Archived from the original on Friedan should save her pity for those who really need it—the femnine starved, oppressed people in the world. Friedan notes that the uncertainties and fears during World War II and the Cold War made Americans long for the comfort of home, so they tried to create an idealized home life with the father as breadwinner and the mother as housewife. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Feminine Mystique – Wikipedia

According to Kirsten Fermaglich and Lisa Fine, “women of color—African American, Latina, Asian American and Native American women—were completely absent from Friedan’s vision, as were white working-class and poor women. In addition, Friedan has been criticized for focusing solely on the plight of middle-class white women, and not giving enough attention to the differing situations encountered by women in less stable economic situations, or women of other races.

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In this chapter, called “The Sexual Solipsism of Sigmund Freud”, Friedan, who had a degree in psychology, criticizes Sigmund Freud whose ideas were very influential in America at the time of her book’s publication. Friedan discusses Abraham Maslow ‘s hierarchy of needs and notes that women have been trapped at the basic, physiological level, expected to find their identity through their sexual role alone.

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betty friedan the feminine mystique thesis

Friedan recalls her own decision to conform to society’s expectations by giving up her promising career in psychology to raise children, and shows that other young women still struggled with the same kind of decision.

Although aware of and sharing this dissatisfaction, women rfiedan the s misinterpreted it as an individual problem and rarely talked about it with other women. Now I discover I’ve been miserable and some sort of monster in disguise—now out of disguise.

betty friedan the feminine mystique thesis

Yet as Friedan shows, later studies found that overbearing mothers, not careerists, were the ones who raised maladjusted children.

Retrieved from ” https: She originally intended to publish an article on the topic, not a book, but no magazine would publish her article. Friedan points out that the average age of marriage was dropping, the portion of women attending college was decreasing and the birthrate was increasing for women throughout the s, yet the widespread trend of unhappy women persisted, although American culture insisted that fulfillment for women could be found in marriage and housewifery.

The Feminine Mystique is widely regarded as one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century, and is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.

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Why Was The Feminine Mystique Such a Phenomenon?: A Clarification

By the yearThe Feminine Mystique had sold more than 3 million copies and had been translated into many foreign languages. Many women dropped out of school early to marry, afraid that if they waited too long or became too educated, they would not be able to attract a husband.

Retrieved January 12, Association for Women in Mathematics. InFriedan was asked to conduct a survey of her former Smith College classmates for their 15th anniversary reunion; the results, in which she found that many of them were unhappy with their lives as housewives, prompted her to begin research for The Feminine Mystiqueconducting interviews with other suburban housewives, ghesis well as researching psychology, media, and advertising.

Politicians began to recognize the frustrations of women due in part to Betty Friedan. Friedan originally intended to write a sequel to The Feminine Mystiquewhich was to be called Woman: On February 22 and 23,a symposium titled React: The statement called for “the true equality mystiquue all women”.

The Feminine Mystique begins with an introduction describing what Friedan called “the problem thessis has no name”—the widespread unhappiness of women in the s and early s. An Interview with Stephanie Coontz”.

This page was last edited on 20 Mayat Friedan shows that advertisers tried to encourage housewives to think of themselves as professionals who needed many specialized products in order to do their jobs, while discouraging housewives from having actual careers, since that would mean they would not spend as much time and effort on housework and therefore would not buy as many household products, cutting into advertisers’ profits.

It discusses the lives of several housewives from around the United States who were unhappy despite living in material comfort and being married with children. Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other than voting. Or better yet, the future of the world.

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