It wanted Poland to serve as a military buffer against Russia and aimed to assert German control over Polish nationalism, which, if left to find another champion, could be problematic for Germany given its substantial Polish minority. Today, the common spelling in German remains Lodz, but there has also been a noticeable increase in the use of the Polish diacritical markings. In contrast, German historians such as Friedrich Meinecke , Hans Rothfels , and Gerhard Ritter , joined by a few non-German historians such as Pieter Geyl , contended that the Nazi period had no relationship to earlier periods of German history, and that German traditions were at sharp variance with the totalitarianism of the Nazi movement. Death in Tiergarten The subject of the article is the comparison of two approaches to German-Polish relations: September , dated 31 Aug.

In response, Heinrich August Winkler argued that there was a Sonderweg before , and that Germany as a country deeply influenced by the Enlightenment meant there was no point of comparison between Hitler on one hand, and Pol Pot and Stalin on the other [19]. At a wider level, this paper tried to offer a general view of the Central and Eastern European response to what would become one of the major historiographical debates of the twentieth century, the thesis of the atypical path of development, known also as the theory of the Sonderweg. Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. Nationalsozialistische Germanisierungspolitik in Polen Hamburg, There are also some good lecture notes here:

Germany and the East, — Ithaca,p. Madajczyk, Okkupationspolitikp. There was much debate about the origins of this “German catastrophe” as the German historian Meinecke titled his book of Nazi Germany’s rise and fall. Just a few years before the war, Ernst Vollert had commissioned the mapping of German sonserweg in eastern Europe.

Sonderweg – Ammon Shepherd

Even as the Nazis unleashed extreme violence against Poles and Jews immediately when they crossed into Poland, German authorities still showed considerable confusion and hesitation in how to sonderwfg and administer Polish territory. Poland would seem ideal for making arguments about continuities in German imperial ambitions, expansionism and violence on the continent because Prussia and Germany controlled western Poland for over a century.


A Sonderweg through Eastern Europe? It would be useful to detect tnesis continuity of these concepts throughout Polish and Romanian twentieth century since the former succeeded to codify the modern history of their countries to such an extent that the latter became national brands. The German Empire, Men who were over thirty and fluent in Polish theis allowed to run for office. Sonderweg was mainly a derogatory term used by its critics.

Tag: Sonderweg

Death in Tiergarten The subject of the article is the comparison of two approaches to German-Polish relations: Views Read Edit View history. Their opposition consists of the following points: Many of these accounts tried Schieder had initially assumed germaan the new German border with Poland would run largely along the old border.

Marketing, Konsum und Produktbilder des Automobils nach dem Boom. In the Polish case, the more emphasis the idea of the synchronization with the West received, the more dramatic was the impression that Polish realm was anomalous in relation to the same West. sknderweg

german sonderweg thesis

While issues with the middle class, the bourgeoisie, cannot be discounted, they did have less of an effect germwn Germany society than in other European countries. Thus, many historians today feel that the Sonderweg theory fails to account for similarities and distinctions with other dictatorships and ethnic cleansings.

Sonderweg thesis

Intellectual Origins of the Third Reich. Martin Luther in German Historiography. Polish Jews saw this exemption as a great betrayal by the German occupiers. The term Sonderweg was first used by German conservatives in the Imperial periodstarting in the late 19th century as a source of pride at the “Golden Mean” [2] of governance that in their view had been attained by the German state, whose distinctiveness as an authoritarian state lay in taking the initiative in instituting social reforms, imposing them without waiting to be pressured by demands “from below”.


Sonderweg thesis Research Papers –

Marchand, German Orientalism in the Age of Empire: University of Chicago Pr, Adam Tooze, The Wages of Destruction: In his book Ordinary MenChristopher Browning opposed the theory that Germans in the Nazi era were motivated by the especially virulent anti-Semitism that had characterized German culture for centuries.

The Politics of Cultural Despair: Recalled to duty at the beginning of the war, Beseler fought on both the Western and Eastern Fronts before being named Governor-General of Poland in August Still, crucial links between these two experiences exist. Jahrhunderts7, 1pp. The public pronouncements about the success of German resettlement and sonerweg presentation of Germanness in black or white terms only revealed that the much vaunted national community Volksgemeinschaft had not materialized there.

german sonderweg thesis

This ambivalence towards the city could be seen in the case of Theodor Schieder, who served as president of the Association of Historians in Germany from to Translation from Goebbels, Goebbels Diariespp.

Finally, the Imperial Government-General used force at times to maintain its authority. These ideas, they tried to integrate at home thus triggering off the debate on the synchronization of their countries with the West.