Northern region The Northern region contains the Eastern and Equator provinces. Please review our privacy policy. Numerous eggs were seen in the stroma Fig. A practical guide to the standardized use of ultrasonography for the assessment of schistosomiasis-related morbidity. In this situation, innovative and interdisciplinary researches need to be encouraged to promote the development of schistosomiasis. Antibody detection is useful in few circumstances but its use is limited because antibodies persist even after parasitologic cure.

Quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies reporting on factors related to seeking treatment from modern health services for schistosomiasis were obtained, combining electronic and hand searching. Immunization experiments have shown that two complementary goals can be achieved: Correlation matrices and standard deviations are the building blocks of many of the commonly conducted analyses in published research , and AERA and APA reporting standards recommend their inclusion when reporting research results. The authors received no specific funding for this work. Potential impact of climate change on schistosomiasis transmission in China. The basis for this review is relevant literature from full-text scholarly peer….

literature review on schistosoma haematobium

Our results expand current cultural instrument reviews by pinpointing tools that have been previously overlooked schidtosoma by identifying ongoing theoretical and methodological challenges for researchers. According to Mubila and Rollinson [ 30 ], the prevalence of S.

Of the 16 species of schistosomes known to infest man or animals, the 5 principal ones that infect man fall into three groups that are characterized by the type of egg produced: These papers are classified according to their research content and the research methodology employed.

Environmental factors and disease distribution The effect of seasonal changes, ecology and the environment on schistosomiasis transmission in Zambia remains poorly understood. Conclusions It is evident that schistosomiasis is prevalent in Zambia, and there is a need for researchers and disease control managers in the country, through inter-sectoral collaboration, to devise new control strategies and periodic disease surveillance programmes.

Despite this,in Juneschistosomiasis was indicated to have the lowest level of preventive chemotherapy implementation in the spectrum of neglected tropical diseases.


Schistosomiasis in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a literature review

Control of schistosomiasis transmission. The search concerned all relevant records related to schistosomiasis in the DRC from January onwards. There is a clear need for updated prevalence data and well-designed studies on the epidemiology and transmission of schistosomiasis in DRC.

The published reports on the research and development activities using the Revjew since schistosom date have been surveyed by the search of literature database and questionnaire survey. The presence of schistosomiasis has also been reported in Zambezi, north-western province, where Recent epidemiological studies have now entirely confirmed in human populations the the role of IgE antibodies in the acquisition of resistance and the association of IgG4 blocking antibodies with increased susceptibility.

RESULTS Of the 21 cases identified, seven affected the female genital tract and five the male genital tract; four cases were identified in the peritoneum; two cases involved lymph nodes and two involved adipose tissue; and renal involvement was detected in one case. Revidw review our privacy policy. Data reviewed here indicate that schistosomiasis is still endemic in DRC. Schistosomiasis Control Initiative [ 11 ]. Detailed clinical histories, examination, routine as well as all relevant investigations were obtained later from all the concerned departments.

Schistosomiasis in Zambia: a systematic review of past and present experiences

As a pragmatic solution, we suggest qualitative researchers utilize research literature in four functional ways: Lately, research in the field of nursing ethics has been focused more on life care providing for the basic needs of older residentsmoral distress and community nursing.

In the Maniema province, two sub-areas can be distinguished.

literature review on schistosoma haematobium

To summarise the existing knowledge and build on past and present experiences of schistosomiasis epidemiology for effective disease control in Zambia, schistsoma systematic search of literature for the period — was done on PubMed, Google Scholar and EBSCOhost. Some of these disorders have long been associated with malignant neoplasia, the most striking association being between disease caused by Schistosoma haematobium, the predominant etiological agent of urinary schistosomiasisand squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder, a relatively uncommon vesical cancer in non-endemic areas.


Internet Scientific Publications

Electronic biomedical literature search for budding researcher. Results pointed to variations in cultural definitions and incorporation of organizational sciences theory. This brochure rwview the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft deals with – the present literature supply system – methods and objectives for improvement – local and regional literature supply – personnel, financial, and technical means of literature supply institutions.

Infection rate of This region extends from Kinshasa to the Atlantic Ocean and contains the transmission areas of Kinshasa and Bas-Congo provinces. The aim of this paper is therefor to analyze All treatment options; including radical literahure with or without adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemo- or radiotherapy or tri modality bladder preserving treatment seem to lead to similar end-results regardless of etiologic factor s implicated in bladder cancer development.

Schistosomiasis in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a literature review

A search of the available literature revealed 98 articles published between and Critical factors for EIA implementation: Chin Med J Engl ; This review revealed that a consistent set of 12 characteristics was found in research -conducive environments: The observed high prevalence of haematlbium among rural communities may indicate insufficient sanitary facilities and the use of contaminated water for domestic and recreational activities [ 31402544 ].

Additional supportive evidence like anaemia and eosinophilia were also observed. The change in antigenic profiles and migration potential of those vaccinating population was discussed in relation to the kinetics of reinfection immunity induced in vaccinated amimal models.