Secondary sources – dictionaries, encyclopaedias, abstracts, indexes and bibliographies – help you find the primary sources. Structure of Spoken Texts. Remember to record the following bibliographical details of articles: Functions of Written English. It may include a definition of terms in the context of the report, etc. This context is provided in the literature review. If it is part of a report, it may be part of the introduction or it may be a section to itself.

Functions – Writing Research Methods. At this stage, you say what you did and what you found out. It is important that you disclose what went wrong. Academic Writing Genres in academic writing: Experimental details Method Results 4. So the methodology section gives details of how the information in the report was obtained. How does it relate to other findings?

Ueffap libraries have access to a wide range of Internet databases and literatjre sources which allow you to find brief details of articles which have been published in journals, conference reports etc. Your basic question here is: Published in London by National Book League, In this section you should justify and describe the methods you selected to use, saying how much you took from previous studies or from common professional practice and say what you changed or added.

UEfAP – More Examples

Your dissertation or thesis will probably include many of the following elements in some way or other. Humanities genres include Abstracts http: The introduction gives background knowledge that supports the reason for writing the report and an organisation statement. Note Taking when Reading. Functions – Writing an abstract. You need to establish a gap in current knowledge.


Pollution Abstracts is the leading resource for environmental engineers and scientists, hydrogeologists, geologists, chemists, industrial engineers and hygienists, corporate regulatory affairs managers, waste managers, and government officials concerned with pollution. At this stage, you say what you did and what you found out.

History of EAP Materials. Using your library catalogue, you can enter your subject keywords to reviww out if there are any books in your research area and whether they are in stock or out on loan.

How does it relate to other findings?

uefap literature review

Functions – Writing Research Discussions V. Own work Design of work Results 4.

Academic Writing

Research issues sections 2. The sections are linked in order to connect the ideas. You might here include and practical implications or recommendations for practitioners in your field and suggestions for further research in the area. Introduction Describe the context to the reader. In all cases, reference must be made to the location of the information, the main details of the data and any comments on this. Many of the ideas and much of the lterature you use for your writing will come from books.

UEfAP – Sources

It will usually be no longer than words. Indexing journals include a reference for literatuge article and usually include the name of the author sthe year of publication, the title of article, the title of the periodical, the volume number and the page numbers of the article.


Examples of abstracting journals: Also some work on different stages of essay structure in Functions unit. Repor t unit reviw short but has general instruction covering many sub- types.

In the former, you are only saying what you found, for example, what the informants said or did, how many times they uefpa or did it, how many examples of particular language features you found, and so on. You need to establish a gap in current knowledge. Introduction Introduction Introduction 1.

uefap literature review

End matter References Appendices 1. If you need to look for back issues of newspapers, newspaper indexes are very useful. For example Godfrey Davies Bibliography of British history: They give details of books and articles, usually revied particular subjects.

You have to show how a study moved your own thinking forward and how you used it – or rejected it. Functions – Writing Introductions.