The frontier thesis is one of the most influential documents on the American west today. Kennedy in the early s explicitly called upon the ideas of the frontier. Turner took this “closing of the frontier” as an opportunity to reflect upon the influence it had exercised. Some have long disputed the very idea of a frontier of “free land. They were written between September and July He asked why the Turnerian American character was limited to English settlements in the New World, and why the frontier did not produce that same character among Native Americans and Spaniards.
Turner offered his frontier thesis as both an analysis of the past and a warning about the future. No known restrictions on publication. His critics have denied everything from his basic assumptions to the small details of his argument. If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed? Turner first announced his thesis in a paper entitled ” The Significance of the Frontier in American History “, delivered to the American Historical Association in in Chicago. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map.
Individualism was king on the frontier. The most important aspect of the frontier to Turner is its effect on democracy.
Proponents of the germ theory believed that political habits are determined by innate racial attributes. Three years before Turner’s pronouncement of the frontier thesis, the U. However, rfontier viewed this interpretation as the impetus for a new wave in the history mexsage United States imperialism. Search The Canadian Encyclopedia. Of course it was not viewed as myth by individuals at the time, and is still pulsing through the American conscious, though weakened, today.
Frontier Thesis – Wikipedia
You are commenting using turnwrs Twitter account. If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed? Every generation moved further west and became more American, more democratic, and more intolerant of hierarchy.
Grossman, The Frontier in American Culture p.
Frontier Thesis | The Canadian Encyclopedia
Kingsland, The Evolution of American Ecology, — p. Williams viewed the frontier concept as a tool to promote democracy through both world wars, to endorse spending on foreign aid, and motivate action against totalitarianism. Inmedieval historian Carl Stephenson published an extended article refuting the Germanic germ theory.
A Comprehensive Review p.
Notify me of new comments via email. Since WWII the frontier thesis has declined in popularity because of recognition of important social and cultural distinctions between Canada and the US. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Historians are still working under its shadow, even though many have been fighting for decades to dissolve its potency.
Frontier experiences and new opportunities forced old traditions to change, institutions to adapt and society to become more democratic as class distinctions collapsed. Previous Post Ice, Wolves, Sheet. Often the rhetoric reaches an acrimonious crescendo.
They also became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves.
In the thesis, the American frontier established liberty by releasing Americans from European mindsets and eroding old, dysfunctional customs.
A historical perspective,” Journal of the West Oct 34 4 pp. Turner set up an evolutionary model he had studied evolution with a leading geologist, Thomas Chrowder Chamberlinusing the time dimension of American history, and the geographical space of the land that became the United States.
Brent, “Electronic communication and sociology: His critics have denied everything from his basic assumptions to the small details of his mesaage.
Comps Notes: Frederick Jackson Turner’s “The Significance of the Frontier in American History”
They were written between September and July Turner’s thesis quickly became popular among intellectuals. Frontier Thesis The Frontier thesis was formulatedwhen American historian Frederick Jackson Turner theorized that the availability of unsettled land throughout much of American history was the most important factor determining national development.
But in a sense, the very acrimony of these debates takes us full circle back to Turner and his jackdon, for debates about the significance of Western history are hardly ever confined to the past. Slatta argues that the widespread popularization of Turner’s frontier thesis influenced popular histories, motion pictures, and novels, which characterize the West in terms of individualism, frontier violence, and rough justice.
Kolb and Hoddeson argue that during the heyday of Kennedy’s “New Frontier,” the physicists who built the Fermi Labs explicitly sought to recapture the excitement of the old frontier.
Email required Address never made public. How much do Puritan New England and the California of the transcontinental railroad really have in common? The mainstream of the profession has long since discarded Turner’s assumption that the frontier is the key to American history as a whole; they point instead to the critical influence of such factors as slavery and the Civil War, immigration, wbat the development of industrial capitalism.